Apis mellifera macedonica (Ruttner, 1988)
Macedonian honey bee (Apis mellifera macedonica) was identified for the first time by the German scientist Friedrich Ruttner in 1988. According to Ruttner, based on his morphometric research of worker honey bees from the Balkan Peninsula, this subspecies of honey bees is different from the neighboring Apis melifera carnica and Apis melifera cecropia.
These results have since been confirmed by several authors, when they used morphometric and molecular analyzes. (Detailed information and review of the literature, in terms of molecular and morphometric analysis, as well as the biology of Apis mellifera macedonica, can be found in MacBee intra).